Korean Tradition

Butlers Korea
2017-06-13 14:19
1. Korean Traditional Costume

Hanbok is the Korean traditional clothes. People wear Hanbok for special events nowadays. Hanbok is diversified according to different circumstances.

◈ Hanbok

There are no lines and pockets for Hanbok. A female Hanbok is composed of a long skirt and a short shirt. The two parts of Hanbok is often called as “Chima-Jeogori” meaning skirt-shirt. A male Hanbok is composed of a pants and a shirt. The wide legged pants are called “Baji” and it has 2 knots to tie around each ankle. There is a coat called “Durumagee” and one can wear it after wearing Hanbok first.
◈ Casual Hanbok

​Complicated rules and meticulous cares are needed for wearing a traditional Hanbok. Because of the reason, casual Hanbok was developed for simplicity and comfort. It satisfied both the beauty of the traditional Hanbok and simplicity. The casual Hanbok can be made with various types of textile and design.

2.​ Food

​◈ Kimchi

​Preserved Chinese cabbages or radishes with fermented spicy mix of salt, garlic, red peppers, ginger and others are called Kimchi. In general Korean meals, Kimchi is provided all the times. Kimchi has low cholesterol and calories and it has a lot of fibers. Kimchi has a great variety from Kimchi with distinct aroma to Kimchi spicy mix filled cucumbers. For Koreans, it is worthless to eat a meal without Kimchi even for a luxurious meal. Kimchi also contains high protein, calcium and iron from the seafood condiments as oysters, squids, shrimps and anchovies.


​Another popular Korean food is Bulgogi. Sometimes, it is called the “Korean BBQ”. Most of the times, beef and pork are used for Bulgogi. Koreans eat Bulgogi for special occasions as inviting people while Kimchi is eaten all the times. Bulgogi has the best taste when cooking with charcoal or pan fried on a gas range.

3. House

A Korean traditional house is called “Hanok”. It provides residential conditions with a great harmony between human life and the nature. Accordingly, the natural elements for building Hanok range from inside arrangements to the materials used for the structure. The unique feature of Hanok is the distinct floor plan, which enables to cool inside during summer and to warm inside for winter times naturally. Since summer is hot and winter is very cold in Korea, Korean ancestors built houses with wooden floors for living rooms and heated floors (Ondol) for bedrooms. Because of the high efficiency and comfort, the distinct ancient floor plan is still used for building houses and apartments nowadays.​

4. ​Fine Arts

◈ Traditional Dance

​The traditional Korean dance was divided into royal court dance and folk dance. In royal court dance, there were Jung Jae Mu, which was performed for parties and Il Mu, marching and dancing for Confucian ceremonies. Folk dance could be classified into religious dance performed by Buddhist monks and common dance. Unlike the royal court dance showed discipline, magnificence and elegance, folk dance, especially, masked dance represented humor, freedom, sarcasm and unconsciousness.

​◈ Traditional Music

​The Korean traditional music consisted of Jung Ak (royal court music) emphasizing intelligence and Minsokak (folk music) with full of emotional elements. Jungak was played for royal families and upper class people and Minsokak was for the common people. Most of Jungak was very slow; sometimes it took 3 seconds for a bit. As a result, the mood of this music was peaceful, meditative and calm. On the other hand, folk music including Nongak, Pansori, Musok (played by shamans for ceremonies) had dynamic rhythms.

​​◈ Paintings

​The distinct feature of Korean traditional paintings was the unique oriental lines and colors that could not be found in traditional European paintings. Ancient paintings in caves showed the initial Korean painting styles. The paintings in caves in the 3 Countries era evidenced the life styles and dynamicity of the ancient Korean people. With vital Buddhism works in Korea era, fine arts were prosperous and many paintings of Buddhist images and Buddhist image statues were produced in Buddhist temples. In Chosun era, paintings were developed in literary art style for high class people and professional painting style with human paintings, genre paintings and landscape paintings. In the late Chosun era, there were developments of various painting styles, and that built the foundation of modern Korean paintings.

​◈ Craft Arts and Ceramics

​Because of the introduction of Buddhism, there were prosperous developments of craft arts and ceramics. Most of the ceramics in Korea era were celadon porcelains with the elegant blue color. In the early 12th century, celadon porcelains with no figures were very popular with the extreme artistic beauty. Unlike the Korea ceramics were noble, Chosun ceramics represented natural and limited beauty from the modest middle class attitude. Chosun white porcelain showed the traditional Korean preference of white and simplicity.

​5. Martial Arts

​As a traditional Korean martial art, Taekwondo has been recognized to be one of the internationally well known sports. But, Taekwondo is not only a sport. This also represents the Korean culture. And, it consists of artistic beauty with both stability and dynamic movement. The stability which Taekwondo possesses can be viewed as meditation that comes out of the emphasis of the silence in the tranquility. The movements in Taekwondo emphasize rather the mental training than physical exercise as in other sports. In the movements, the unity and harmony of the mentality and the physical body are more important than attacking and defending. We can see the silence of action and movements with the physical movements come out of the unity of the mind and body. In these certain movements, we have the tranquility of the mental state. Also in the movements, we can see the beauty of dynamic patterns. As the body movements represent the mental state, Taekwondo owns the same fundamentality with dancing. The suit for Taekwondo consists of white shirt and pants with a belt. Belts are very important for Taekwondo players as they represent the level with five different colors, white, orange, blue, red and black. Sometimes, the suits can be worn with a wide belt and a string. The dynamic elements of the movements in Taekwondo are composed of the basic movements with hands and legs. Various movements using hands and legs create many different techniques for defending, hitting and dipping. The levels in Taekwondo are classified from entry level to advanced level. The Dan (a level) starts from 10 to 1 and Gup (a sub level for each Dan) increments from 1 to 9. Dan and a Dan possessor can be used for people who are 15 years old or older and Pum is used for young advanced students.

Image Source : ​[Invest Korea] http://www.investkorea.org

Contents Source : ​[Invest Korea] http://www.investkorea.org

All Sources from : ​http://www.hikorea.go.kr/
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